12Division ofFrontier Materials ScienceArea of Frontier Materials■Prof.：Yoshio KITAOKA, Yoshito TOBE,Hiroshi KATAYAMA-YOSHIDA■Assoc.Prof.：Hidekazu MUKUDA,Keiji HIROSE, Koichi KUSAKABE■Assis.Prof.：Mitsuharu YASHIMA,Kazukuni TAHARA, Tetsuya FUKUSHIMAExperimental Research Group for Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy of Frontier Materials Science and Engineering: By means of microscopic NMR probe, the studies of correlated electrons matter and giant molecules are performed, focusing on the new phenomena such as high-temperature superconductivity, permanent magnetism, extremely slow dynamics in self-organized process of giant molecules and so on. Via these studies, a new approach is proposed for the synthesis of frontier materials.Experimental Research Group for Functional Molecules: To create new functional organic mate-rials of optic and electronic interest, we investigate the synthesis and functions of topologically novel π-electronic systems, giant π-systems of a nanometer size regime, and formation and function of two-dimensional patterns formed by self-assembly of π-conjugated molecules on surfaces based on molecu-lar design. In addition, we study on the molecules which change their molecular information respond-ing to the external impetus to develop molecular ma-chines and switches.Theoretical Group for Materials Science: Developing methods and computational programs for rst-principles electronic structure calculations, stud-ies utilizing the numerical simulations are being made on the theoretical design of new materials and devices with new functions and also on the search for and understanding of new physical phenomena under extreme conditions. As results of the studies, we have performed the design of nano-spintronics materials based on transition metal compounds, design of molecular electronics materials based on carbon materials and organic molecules, and predic-tion and understanding of structural phase transition, superconducting transition, magnetic transition, etc. induced by high pressure.Area of Dynamics ofNanoscale Materials■Prof.：Masaaki ASHIDA, Hiroshi MIYASAKA■Assoc.Prof.：Masaya NAGAI, Yutaka NAGASAWA ■Assis.Prof.：Yosuke MINOWA, Syoji ITOExperimental Research Group for Coherence of Nanoscale Materials : In view of light-matter inter-action, we experimentally investigate the dynamics and coherence of excited electrons, phonons and spins in nanoscale and low-dimensional materials of semiconductors, insulators and metals, strongly cor-related electron systems, etc., by means of various kinds of spectroscopic methods. For example, time-resolved spectroscopy, nonlinear optical spectros-copy, coherent spectroscopy, single-particle spectros-copy, cathodoluminescence spectroscopy, THz time-domain spectroscopy, etc. have all been used. Based on the above investigation, we also fabricate new optical functional nanostructured materials.Experimental Research Group for Fluctuation Dynamics in Condensed Phase: The focus of our research is the ultrafast and space-resolved spectro-scopic studies of photophysical and photochemical pro-cesses in solution and glasses. To elucidate the dynam-ics of the solute-solvent interactions and uctuation regulating the reaction proles in chemical as well as biological processes, solvation dynamics, energy relax-ation, electron transfer, photo-dissociation, photochro-mism and photoconductivity are under investigation.Collaborative Chairs/Area of Quantum Science inExtreme Conditions■Prof.：Katsuya SHIMIZU (Add.)■Assoc.Prof.：Tomoko KAGAYAMA (Add.)Experimental Research Group for Material Science in Extreme Conditions: We performed the generation of combined extreme conditions (high pressure, low temperature, and strong magnetic eld) and the measurements of physical-properties at these conditions. Educational research on the pressure-induced superconductivity under a low-temperature and high-pressure, these magnetic In order to create the basic science and engineering in the twenty-rst century, it is necessary to investigate the fabrication of frontier materials and their new functionality in combination with physics and chemistry, especially in the research eld of nanoscale materials. In this Division, based on materials physics and molecular chemistry which have excellent theoretical and experimental frameworks, we not only investigate various kinds of electronic and optical properties of materials and their new phenomena but also fabricate new kinds of materials, thus providing active research and educational programs to graduate school students who will be able to open the frontier elds of multidisciplinary materials science and its applications as researchers and engineers of wide outlooks.