44Facts and Figures■ Program for Leading Graduate SchoolsInteractive Materials Science Cadet Program（Prof. Tsuyoshi Kimura）‘Materials Science Cadets’ is a program launched as an integrated ve-year doctoral course in materials science, and is promoted in an integrated manner by the graduate schools of engineer-ing science, science, and engineering, Osaka University.The departments of materials engineering science and systems innovation also contribute to the program. The program aims to educate talented graduate students by cultivating‘ Ma-terials Science Cadets’ with the skills to occupy senior research positions in the materials science and production sectors, with the full support of faculty members of Osaka Univer-sity from a wide range of materials science elds including physics and chemistry. The pro-gram is also designed to apply the synergistic benets of dialogic and interactive approaches to various facets of materials science education and research. In particular, the key concept of interactivity is applied to:(i) Materialsinteractions and correlations within and between materials(ii) Researchinteractive research approaches between dierent research elds and research methods(iii) Traininginteractive learning by way of dialog among students and instructors, among instructors, and between stu-dents and outside researchers and engineers.The multi-faceted curriculum organically links together various interactive ideas and approaches by combining a range of components including mentor systems, laboratory rotation, liberal arts subjects, career guidance, private sector internships and overseas study opportunities. In this way, the curriculum is designed for the training of well-rounded Materials Science Cadets.Cross-Boundary Innovation Program（Prof. Masahito Taya, Prof. Jun Miyake and Prof. Kosuke Sato）Knowledge is fundamental to a society that has achieved great prog-ress through advances in science and technology. However, at the same time, due to the rapid explosion of knowledge, areas of expertise have become signicantly compartmentalized, hindering eorts by even specialists and professionals to alleviate problems facing society.Rising to this challenge and recognizing the urgency to go beyond just turning out graduates with specialized knowl-edge and a single set of skills, Osaka University including Graduate School of Engineering Science has established the Cross-Boundary Innovation Program (CBI), a program that will cultivate individuals with the creative and strategic skills needed to deal with diverse challenges. CBI graduates will be able to go beyond the traditional framework - they will possess the ability to achieve what is “only possible by crossing boundaries.”The development of the CBI Program is supported under the “Programs for Leading Graduate Schools” of the Japanese government’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Osaka University’s challenge is now to implement the program by including scholars from a wide range of areas, emphasizing comprehensive skills, building a heterogeneous learning environment, and establishing collaborative endeavors with leading professionals from the public and private sectors.Humanware Innovation Program（Prof. Katsuro Inoue and Prof. Shojiro Nishio /Prof. Hiroshi Ishiguro）“Humanware Innovation Program” is a ve-years doctoral program newly launched in 2012 under “Program for Leading Graduate Schools - Multidisciplinary type (Information)” of Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. This program is designed to spearhead the development of “humanware” through collaboration between the Graduate School of Information Science and Technol-ogy, the Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, and the Graduate School of Engineer-ing Science of Osaka University. Its aim is to foster leaders in integrative informatics who can change the direction of innovation and construct exible, robust, and sustainable systems by bridging information science, life science, and cognitive/brain science and cultivating new arenas of research. To this end, curricular aims are put into practice under a principle known in Japanese as Seido Jukugi̶students from dierent disciplines work together to conduct intensive interdisciplinary studies. Students also undergo seminars from vari-ous corporations and industries about practical issues including project planning, research and development strate-gies, and innovation in interdisciplinary elds. To cultivate skills of practical design, communication, and manage-ment and become a global leader, students are given research opportunities in international research institutes out-side the university, including internships, summer camp, and research caravan. Graduates of this program are “networking doctors” play a central role in industry, academia, and government with an integrated understand-ing of interdisciplinary areas.