6Division of Materials PhysicsArea of Electron Correlation Physics■Prof.：Akira SEKIYAMA, Yoshishige SUZUKI ■Assoc.Prof.：Takayuki KISS, Norikazu MIZUOCHI ■Assis.Prof.：Atsushi TSURUTA, Hidenori FUJIWARA, Shinji MIWA, Yoshimi MITATheory Group for Strongly Correlated Sys-tems: Basic research on materials science is devel-oped putting emphasis on the strongly correlated electron systems of metallic compounds including f-, d- and p-electrons. In particular, by clarifying the mechanisms of unconventional behaviors of super-conductivity and magnetism that those compounds exhibit, new physical concepts and mechanisms are tried to be found. Experiment Group for Spectroscopy of Corre-lated Materials: In order to investigate detailed bulk electronic structures of strongly correlated elec-tron systems, such studies as photoemission and soft-X ray absorption, are performed. New techi-niques of cutting-edge bulk-sensitive photomission spectroscopy are also developed.Experiment Group for Nano-spintronics: Spin-transport and dynamics are investigated using nano-sized crystals, molecules and single spin-state in dia-mond. Based on fundamental understandings of nano-sized magnets, novel spintronics devices are created and characterized.Area of Quantum Physics of Nanoscale Materials■Prof.：Nobuyuki IMOTO, Hirokazu TADA, Tsuyoshi KIMURA ■Assoc.Prof.：Takashi YAMAMOTO, Ryo YAMADA, Yusuke WAKABAYASHI■Assis.Prof.：Rikizou IKUTA, Tatsuhiko OHTO, Kenta KIMURA Hiromasa HANZAWA Quantum Information and Quantum Optics Group: Preparation, storage, processing, and trans-mission of quantum information are theoretically studied, which also leads to new proposals of quan-tum information processing. For this purpose, quan-tum optics is also investigated including light-matter interaction and entanglement control. Experimental demonstrations of such proposals are also performed.Molecular Electronics Research Group: We are studying electric properties of molecular-based and molecular-scale electronic devices. Our interest is focused on junction behavior at the interface between molecules and electrodes for better under-standing of carrier injection and transport mecha-nisms in molecular systems. The well dened molecule-electrode interfaces are prepared and stud-ied at molecular-level with newly designed equip-ments including scanning probe microscopes.Experimental Group for Exploration of Func-tional Materials: We investigate various electronic properties such as magnetism, electrical conductivity, lattice distortion, and dielectric property in correlated electron systems. By employing mutual interactions among the above-mentioned properties, we develop novel magnetoelectric functionality. For this purpose, we also perform materials design and synthesis.Collaborative Chairs/Area of Quantum Materials Physics■Prof.：Kazuhiko MATSUMOTO (Add.), Tamio OGUCHI (Add.), Shigeki TAKEUCHI (Add.)■Assoc.Prof.： Koichi INOUE (Add.), Kenzo MAEHASHI (Add.), Koun SHIRAI (Add.), Yasuhide OHNO (Add.)■Assis.Prof.： Kunihiko YAMAUCHI (Add.), Hiroyoshi MOMIDA (Add.), Ryo OKAMOTO (Add.), Masazumi FUJIWARA (Add.)Semiconductor Electronics Group: Semiconduc-In this division, the cutting-edge studies of materials physics are performed in both experimental and theoretical elds. Along with the fundamental researches of the materials for advanced devices, studies of new materials and new phenomena, which are expected to contribute to the development of the frontier of physics, are widely carried out. The microscopic mechanisms of various interactions are investigated for a large class of materials in the bulk, surface, molecule, nanoscale and mesoscopic conditions, through new theoretical methods and models, and through the most advanced experimental methods such as synchrotron radiation spectroscopy and various probes under very high pressure. These results are also reected in the development of new articial materials of applicational interests. The characteristic feature of this area is the broad eld of researches, which covers the creation of new materials and the development of new instruments and new methods, as well as the construction of new theories to clarify unknown phenomena and predict new observations. Futhermore, this feature is directly reected on the education of new generations of researchers and engineers.